FAATIHAH-1 (THE OPENING) INTRODUCTION
LESSON # 3 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
FAATIHAH-1 (THE OPENING)
Section – 1 (Part 1)
It is also called Faatiha-tul-Kitaab, “The Opening of The Scripture, Ummul’l-Qur’an and The Essence of The Qur’an, as it is variously named, has been called The Lord’s Prayer of the Muslims. It is also named as Sura-tul-Shifa as recitation of this Surah results physical and spiritual restoration of health. Allah Almighty has taught his Servants to beg from Him. If we wish to narrate the Abstract of Holy Qur’an, then we shall say in this manner that there are three main subjects in the Holy Qur’an, which are narrated repeatedly:-
1 The Skies, The Earth and every thing is created by the God Almighty. He has no relative, no partner, no co-sharer and no confederate. He is One and all things are looked after and brought up by Him.
2 Each mankind will be responsible himself for his acts and all the persons will be present in The Court of God Almighty, where, their acts will be examined and they will be rewarded or awarded according to their acts, done in this life.
3 The Messengers of God Almighty (peace be upon them) were sent in all parts of the world, who told the people difference between the right and the wrong paths. They instructed the mankind for goodness.
This Surah is an essential part of all the Muslims’ worships, public and private, and no solemn contract or transaction is complete unless it is recited. The date of revelation is uncertain, but the fact that it has always, from the very earliest times, formed a part of Muslims’ worships, there being no record or remembrance of its introduction or of public prayer without it, makes it clear that it was revealed before the fourth year of the Prophet’s mission (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) because we know certainly that at that time regular congregation prayers were offered by the little group of Muslims in Makkah. During that year, due to insult and attack, by the idolaters, the Prophet (may glory, grace, blessings and peace be upon Him) arranged for the service, which had till then been held out side the doors, to take place in a private house.
This Surah is also often called Saba’an min al-Mathaani, “Seven of the Oft-repeated” (verses being Understood), XXV, words which are taken as referring to this Surah.
You would have seen that how much virtue has this Surah. Reciting it needs special attention and consideration. It should also be admonished to others. O God Almighty! Give us power and strength to do well.