LESSON # 204 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
BAQARAH – 2 (The Cow)
Verse –188b of 286, Section – 24 (Part - 2)
Nor seek by it to gain the hearing of the judges that ye may knowingly devour a portion of the property of others wrongfully.
Wa tudluu bihaaa ‘ilal-huk-kaami li-ta’-kuluu fariiqam-min ‘amwaalin-naasi bil-‘ismi wa ‘antum ta’-lamuun.
Tudluu – (don’t seek gain by supplying money or any other valuable thing to the officials for getting their favor. Don’t put affect on the rulers/officers either bribing them or giving them property as financial gifts t0 approach and get unlawful advantage).
Fariiqan – (part, share) it also means any group or party but here it has been used as portion or part.
Bil-‘ismi – (unjust, untrue) all kinds of evils are included in the meanings of the word ‘ism.
The Holy Qur’an has forced here on two things for justice, equity and security of the rights of people in the society:
1. If any body intends to put affect on the rulers and officials, and wins their influence through tributes, presents, gifts, holding feasts and bribe, and uses all other likewise means, these all are unlawful. Because doing so the rulers may become partial and supporter, the balance/scale of the justice is bent, existence of the truth-loving and justice ends, tyranny and rights destruction becomes common, liar claims, false documents, liar evidences, false oath forms and slinking away from the true talk becomes public. Due to these evils corruption spreads, ratio of murder and killing increases. This law has been made to escape from all these evils because it is necessary to keep the rulers/officials neutral, just-lovers and partial of the right so that nobody may try to temp the officials with his property/wealth.
1. Secondly the Holy Qur’an has commanded us that due to each person’s conscience the mankind attends towards goodness in each matter and business/money dealings and his heart reproaches him on evil. It is clear that however the matters will be decided by the best court and the best just ruler according to situation of the law-suit and evidence of the witnesses and it is possible to err and slip into them. So in spite of the decision of any Justice or Ruler actual criminal may escape from crime in their eyesight and the evil-doer from punishment of his evil. But the conscience of the human being can not deceive him on the condition that he would not have killed his conscience pressing it again and again.
It has come in the Sayings that once the Messenger (Grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) commanded that any case is brought to Me, the plaintiff proves it correct while the Right is on the other side, I decide according to the statement. But he should understand that unlawfully getting the property of a Muslim is likewise getting the Fire.