Succession Of Prophets
LESSON # 349 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Succession Of Prophets
Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran (The Family Of ‘Imran, Chapter - 3)
Verse – 33 & 34 of 200, Section –4 (Part – 3)
33. Lo! Allah preferred Adam and Noah and the Family of Abraham and the Family of ‘Imran above (all His) creatures-
34. They were descendants one of another. And Allah is Hearer, Knower.
33. ‘Innal-laahas-tafaaa ‘Aa-dama wa Nuuhanw-wa ‘Aala-‘Ibraa-hiima wa ‘Aala-‘Imraana ‘alal-‘aalamiin.
34. Zurriy-yatam- ba’-zuhaa mim-ba’-z. Wallaahu Samii-‘un ‘Aliim.
‘Aala-‘Imraana – (Family of Imran), two famous persons named Imran passed away in the history. One was father of Prophet Moses (peace be upon him) named Imran bin Baseer. The second (many centuries later) was father of Mary (razii Allaahu ‘anhaa), named Imran bin Matan, maternal grandfather of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him). Here both persons may be inferred. Most scholars and philosophers have understood here the second Imran, because there is description about him in the succeeding verses of this Surah (chapter).
‘Aa-dama – (Adam), Allah Almighty created the earth, the skies and the entire universe with His vast Divine Power. His biggest creature is Adam (peace be upon him), who was made collection of many spiritual and corporeal excellence. Allah Almighty ordered the Angels (peace be upon them) to do prostration to Adam for telling dignity of his existence to the universe. He was chosen for prophet-hood. Later on it was given to Prophet Shiis and Noah (peace be upon them) respectively. Then it reached Messenger Abraham (peace be upon him) step by step. After Adam and Noah (peace be upon them), the people who remained in this world, they all were descendants of these two Prophets (peace be upon them). Then Allah Almighty selected Prophet Abraham and his family to bestow them the grade of Prophet-hood like Adam and Noah (peace be upon them), and the Prophets (peace be upon them), came after them, they all were from the race of two sons of Abraham (peace be upon him) i.e. Isaac and Ishmael (peace be upon them).
Zurriy-yatam- ba’-zuhaa mim-ba’-z – (They were descendants one of another), order of genealogy runs through the side of father. Prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) was born without father. So it might be thought that he (peace be upon him) could not be counted from the race of Abraham (peace be upon him). Therefore, Allah Almighty informed by revealing the words Zurriy-yatam- ba’-zuhaa mim-ba’-z that these entire Prophets (peace be upon them) were descendants one of another. Because Imran, the father of Mary was from the race of Prophet Abraham (peace be upon them). Consequently, it proved that none Prophet is out of the family of Abraham (peace be upon them).
By describing Samii-‘un ‘Aliim, it is pointed out that Allah Almighty is Hearer of all the supplications and sayings. He knows concealed and outward circumstances of all. Nothing is hidden from Him. He is informed about reality and characteristics of all persons. Therefore, His selection cannot be incomplete or wrong.
Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke; Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)