Thursday, 24 April 2014

Introduction - ‘Aali- ‘Imran

LESSON # 326 FROM HOLY  QUR’AN

Introduction - ‘Aali- ‘Imran

Surah ‘Aali ‘Imran
 (Part – 3)



Introduction

This Surah was revealed at Al-Madinah. It has 200 verses and 20 Sections. In Surah Al-Baqarah especially the children of Israel were addressed, but in this Surah direction of speech is towards the Christians. As per Sayings of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) this Surah has also many virtues like Surah Al-Baqrah.

One narration about the purpose of revelation of this Surah is copied. When Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) migrated to Al-Madinah, the Light of true religion spread near and at distance. Nevertheless, the Jews who lived in the surroundings of Al-Madina denied from the right religion after revelation of a true religion by Allah Almighty. One group of the Christians of Negron came for augment and debate. Negron is a place in Yemen territory in the south of Arab. During those days, there was much population of the Christians in Negron. This group had fourteen well-known persons. Out of them, three were most famous:-

1.    Abdul Masiih Aaqib                 -  due to chief-ship and wealth.
2.    Eiham al-Sayyad                      -  due to judgment and management
3.    Abu Haarisah bin Aqlamah      -  due to being a religious scholar

The 3rd person actually belonged to notorious tribe of Arab “Bani Bakr bin Waayel”. The kings of Rome honored and regarded him with respect keeping in view his knowledge about religion, grandeur and nobility. They built churches spending much wealth and appointed him on superior rank of religious matters. These people reached Al-Madinah and discussed in detail with the Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon him).  

Holy Qur’an appealed the learned persons in this auspicious Surah for concordance and mutual aid, and if they cannot be partners in other matters, even then they should join at least for preaching about Oneness of God and its dissemination because it is a mutual aim of all of us.

The entire Prophets of God (peace be upon them) came in this world with only one purpose. In this connection, the Messenger of Islam (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) is the last link of this chain. His nation is owner of perfection and evidence with the title of “Well Nation”. Therefore, this last nation of the world was informed about its duties and responsibilities along with this description. Moreover, it warned that it should avoid from those methods, which became causes of destruction of the earlier nations. 

A Short Note On This Surah

Surah Al-Imran begins with the words, “Allah! There is no God save Him, the Alive, the Eternal, He revealed the Scripture with truth for guidance of the humanity. He completed them by revealing the Holy Qur’an in the last. He established the touchstone to examine the true and false. Some verses of Holy Qur’an are so clear and bright that everybody can understand them easily. But each person cannot recognize the meanings of some verses. We should believe in all of them and have faith that their meanings are entirely correct, and these all are from our Lord.

Then He commanded that the heart of humankind inclines more to wife and children, heaps of gold and silver, holding up and keeping his wished things. However, these entire things are transitory. The heart should be in love with only acquiring willingness of Allah Almighty and the next world. Remaining a seeker of Heaven is the best aim. Allah Almighty has determined Islam as religion for the human world. Sorrow for that some people shirk to believe in it.  Afterwards the recitation is about the birth of Mary and her fostering, birth of Jesus (peace be upon them), try to correct the nation and his miracles etc. Then the Christians are told to reap advantage from real preaching of Jesus (peace be upon him) and obey the Holy Qur’an, the Scripture brought by the Last Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him), because your own Scripture is witness of his truth. It described also that Prophet Abraham (peace be upon him) was neither Jews, nor Christian, but he was Muslim.

After that, a useful message is delivered to Jews and Christians that they should leave slavery of each other and submit themselves collectively before Allah Almighty. If they do not believe in this message, then Muslims should bind it in their knuckle and catch these principles strongly with unity. They should set aside their personal quarrels with each other. In this manner, they will become the best nation out of the entire nations. Looking them, other people will begin to escape from evils and choose good works.

Then Muslims are being directed towards Battle of Badr that, their victory was a very powerful miracle of the Dignity of Allah Almighty. It was impossible to succeed in this Battle without Support of Allah Almighty. Then it has been commanded about unlawfulness of the interest/usury and to escape from it. Probably the order about forbidding from usury has come here due to the reason that as the Muslims gained in the Battle, likewise they will get advantage due to leaving the interest. And the entire humankind will escape from ruin.

Then there is mention about the Battle of ‘Uhad. The loss, which was faced by Muslims, that was due to non-implementation of the orders of Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). Practices of the Hypocrites is cursed, which they adopted in this Battle and thus it became reason of loss of the Muslims and Islam.

The Muslims are being guided that path of life of the Jews and Christians is untrue and objectionable, they should not follow it, otherwise they will suffer. They should not be missed from the apparently prosperous of Infidels. At last, their place is Hell. However, who will embrace Islam and do good works, they will get remuneration. So have fear of God, in it there is prosperity and success for you.   

 
Transliteration in Roman Script & English Translation of Holy Qur’an written by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore and Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated by Muhammad Sharif)