Slaying; only due to being an idolater; is unlawful

Lesson # 1039 from Noble Quran

Slaying; only due to being an idolater; is unlawful

Surah ‘TAWBAH or BARAAA-‘AH (REPENTANCE) – Chapter – 9)
Stage – 2, Verse – 5 of 129, Section – 1 of 16 (Part – 10)

BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

6.  And if anyone of the idolaters seeketh thy protection (O Muhammad), then protect him so that he may hear the Word of Allah, and afterward convey him to his place of safety. That is because they are a folk who know not.  
6.  Wa  ‘in  ‘ahadum-minal-mush-rikiinas-tajaaraka  fa-‘ajirhu  hattaa  yasma-‘a  Kalaa-mAllaahi  summa  ‘ablig-hu  ma’-manah.  Zaalika  bi-‘annahum  qawmul-laa  ya’-lamuun.

LESSON

‘As-tajaara – {(whoso) sought protection}, the origin of this word is ‘is-tijaaratun, which has been derived from jaar. Jaar is used for “neighborhood, refuge and shelter”. ‘As-tajaarah means “to ask for refuge, asking safety and peace from someone”.

‘Ajir – {protect (him)}, it is a tense of command, has been derived from ‘ijaaratun, and like the word mentioned above, it has come out from the word jawwar, which means “to give shelter”.

It was commanded in the previous verse: Slay the idolaters wherever you find them, but you should leave those people who get ready to pass their life according to your way of life and enter in Islam. But there would be some such people who may not be aware of Islam. From them, if any person wishes to come unto Muslims for understanding the teachings of Islam and seeks protection from them, then Muslims should take him under their protection. The same has been described in this verse.

Almighty God commands that; which idolater says: Kill me not. I want to live among you for the purpose that I may know about Islam, because I don’t know that “what is it and what does it desire? Then you should give him permission for living between you and protect him, and cause to hear him those Revelations of Holy Qur’an; which are foundation of Islam, and point out before him the proper course of Islam.

If, after listening to everything and understanding, he decided that he would not embrace Islam, then you should not slay him. Moreover, wherever he wants to go and considers that he can live at that place in safety and peace, then you should convey him there. This command is for the purpose that, because the idolaters are accustomed of dwelling in accordance with their own way of life, and they do not know that “a better way of living exists also than theirs, which is called Islam”.          

Therefore, if they wish, provide them opportunity to live with you for understanding and deliver the Message of Holy Qur’an unto them. If they decide to go, even after understanding, then you should let them go. Embracing not Islam only; is not too much big fault that slaying them becomes lawful. That is to say, it is not lawful to kill any such individual who is not Muslim.

It can be understood easily and clearly from this verse that the command of slaying the idolaters was not due to the reason that they did not use to accept Islam, but that was; because they had gripped up their loins to finish Islam in all conditions, and they wished to remove the Muslims from the world only due to enmity and obstinacy.

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Pak Company, 17-Urdu Bazaar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’aan published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)