Abstract from Chapter “Spoils of War” - 3
Lesson # 1033 from Noble Quran
Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)
Stage – 2, Verse – 75 of 75, Section – 10 of 10 (Part - 10)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
Often it happened; that Messenger of God Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to perform a work at His own and by receiving any good opinion from other Muslims, and then the Revelation fixed it as lawful for such condition, but at any other occasion, it was commanded by keeping in view the opportunity; that it should be done according to the perfect Law, as well as; the first Revelation was preserved also, so that; if such first condition of occasion appears again, then it should be done as it was done earlier. From the verses of this Chapter it has been explained.
Therefore, the Muslims left the captives of the Battle of Badr after mutual opinion and receiving money. This behavior was determined lawful for that particular situation in this Surah. But after that; a perfect Law was introduced about it that, now acting according to it and by thinking about it, a permanent procedure comes out for the Muslims for ever, abiding by which, many disputes can be resolved.
Coming down of any new Revelation is quite impossible at this time. However, the old Revelations are safe (God be praised) in the form of Holy Qur’an and fortunately; the decisions of God’s Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His True Successors, which They filed during different occasions; exist before us in the form of Ahaadith (Sayings) of the last Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).
Like this, we possess the religious judgments and decrees (Fataawaa) in heaps, which were issued by the religious Scholars from time to time according to the Principles and which had been derived from the above mentioned sources (in the light of Qur’an and Hadith). The Light of God’s Revelations is conspicuous in all of Them. The Path is the same even now that we should decide our ongoing controversies ourselves thoughtfully and by mutual consultation. And then we should examine our decision in the light of the Books of Ahaadith and Sayings of the religious Directors. If it tallies with Them then we should act upon it.
The only difference is that at first; the Revelation used to confirm or infirm it directly, whereas nowadays, Holy Qur’an, Hadith and Theology (Fiqah) are its Successors. If the evidence regarding any matter is not found into them, then the way of council and judgment is open, and its principles have been fixed with effect from the centuries. Whichever decision we shall make with sincerity and for God’s sake, that will be practicable, on the condition, that is not against the spirit of Holy Qur’an and Sayings of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him).
At the end of the Chapter, there is a description in respect of Immigrants, inhabitants (Muhajiriin and Ansaar of Madinah) and those Muslims who had not yet immigrated. Moreover, when during 2 AH, this Surah was revealed; maximum relationships could be established on temporary basis. But when Makkah was conquered, then necessity of a permanent Center was felt. For this purpose, which preparation was required, that has been described in the next Chapter.