You longed that body of traders might be yours
Lesson # 981 from Noble Quran
Surah ‘ANFAAL (SPOILS OF WAR) – Chapter – 8)
Stage – 2, Verse – 7 of 75, Section – 1 of 10 (Part - 9)
In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful
7. And when Allah promised you one of the two bands (of the enemy) that it should be yours, and ye longed that other than the armed one might be yours; and Allah willed that He should cause the Truth to triumph by His Words, and cut the root of the disbelievers.
7. Wa ‘iz ya-‘iduku-mUllaahu ‘ihdat-taaa-‘ifatayni ‘annahaa lakum wa ta-wadduuna ‘anna gayra zaatish-shawkati takuunu lakum wa yurii-dUllaahu ‘any-yu-hiqqal-Haqqa bi-Kalimaati-Hii wa yaqta-‘a daabiral-kaafiriin.
Gayra zaatish-shawkati - (that, in which there is no thorn or other than the armed one), actual meaning of shawkatun is a a thorn, after that it became power and dignity. It aims “the party, which is not for fighting but has wealth, which can be obtained without trouble”.
A period of more than one year had passed when the Muslims had reached in Madinah. And the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) had settled them comfortably altogether and mutually. But there was a fear every time from the people of Makkah, and it was sure that they would never miss any chance of dissension and mischief. Therefore, the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) used to send some parties in the vicinity of Madinah for knowing about the current news and emphasized the monitoring of mobility of the infidels of Makkah.
Ultimately, one day, the news reached that a body of traders was returning from Syria with wealth and goods in abundance and they had to pass by the nearby way of Madinah. The chieftain of the caravan was Abu Sufyan. He caused to run a female camel rider to Makkah that they should run for the safety of the caravan, because he felt danger of attack by the Muslims.
When the people of Makkah heard, their all respectable people prepared for fighting, took brave men with them and came out. On the other side, Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) took His Companions (may Allah be pleased with Them) with Him and came out of Madinah.
The Muslims thought that they would see the caravan of the merchants and they would take possession on the wealth of enemies without any trouble. But it happened that Abu Sufyan went forth by another way saving his caravan from Madinah, and the Army, which came from Makkah to save them, the Muslims met them face to face at the place of Badr.
It has been described in this verse: You wished to defeat the enemy financially without fighting but Allah Almighty, The Knower of Unseen decided that you should fight with the equipped Army and the infidels should be defeated and the Truth should be made manifest by the Command of God Almighty; and the false should be abolished. The disbelievers were defeated in such a way that their root was cut.