Ill Befalling on Dishonest Dealings

LESSON # 531 FROM HOLY QUR’AN
Ill Befalling  on Dishonest Dealings
Surah Nisaaa’ (Women) - Chapter - 4)
Verses –78b & 79 of 176, Section – 11/24 (Part – 5)

78b.  And if a happy thing befalleth them they say: This is from Allah; and if an evil thing befalleth them they say: This is of thy doing (O Muhammad). Say (unto them): All is from Allah. What is amiss with these people that they come not nigh to understand a happening?

79.  Whatever of good befalleth thee (O man) it is from Allah, and whatever of ill befalleth thee it is from thyself. And We have sent thee (Muhammad) as a Messenger unto mankind. And Allah is Sufficient as Witness.         
78b.  Wa  ‘in-tusib-hum  hasanatuny-yaquuluu  haazihii  min  ‘inDillah.  Wa  ‘in-tusib-hum  sayyi-‘atuny-yaquuluu  haazihii min  ‘indik.  Qul  kullum-min ‘inDillah.  Famaali-haaa-‘ulaaa-‘il-qawmi  laa  yakaaduuna  yaf-qahuuna  hadiisaa. 

79.  Maaa  ‘asaabaka  min  hasanatin  faminAllaah;  wa  maaa  ‘asaabaka  min-  sayyi-‘atin-  fa-min-naf-sik.  Wa  ‘arsalnaaka  linnaasi  Rasuulaa.  Wa  kafaa  Billaahi  Shahiidaa.       




Lesson

Hasanatun  - (a happy thing), everything of benefit, happiness, goodness, betterment and virtue is included in the meanings of this word. Here it aims ‘attainment of victory and success, wealth, fortune and riches’.

sayyi-‘atun  - (an evil thing), each kind of loss, badness, defect and ruin includes in its meaning. In this verse, it signifies towards the defeat and vital loss) pertaining to life and property).

One more manner of execution of the Hypocrites has been described in this verse. When success is acquired in the battle and abundant wealth is possessed then they say, “Allah Almighty bestowed us victory with His Dignity and gave so much wealth”. On the contrary, if the defeat is faced, and loss of life and property is confronted in the battle, then they accuse the Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) that He did not plan correctly for the war, due to which we sustained this loss.

Allah Almighty commands, “Tell them that victory and defeat, success and failure, profit and loss (entire things) are from Allah Almighty. You do not understand the matter to the extent that nobody can do anything except Him”. In the next verse, Allah Almighty narrated, “You should understand that whatever of good befalls you (O people) it is from Allah Almighty, and whatever of ill befall you it is the fruit of your own deeds. When any badness reaches you, surely you are guilty in it, due to which you are punished, so that you do not repeat such mistake again. This punishment is given to correct you. What Messenger of Allah Almighty (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him) plans, that is also from Allah Almighty, then why do you blame Him (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon him)? What is done, that is from Allah Almighty. If you gain something, that is His Kindness and if you lose something, that is also from Him.     


Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English  by Muhammad Sharif).

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