Reprisal of that Act, Which was done by Cain

Lesson # 615 From Holy Qur’aan
Reprisal of that Act, Which was done by Cain
‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage - 2
Verse – 32 of 120, Section – 5 of 16 (Part - 6)
 BisMIllaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful

For that cause We decreed for the Children of Israel that whosoever killeth a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind. And whoso saveth the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind. And Our messengers came unto them of old with clear proofs (of Allaah’s Sovereignty), but afterwards lo! many of them became prodigals in the earth.                
Min  ‘ajli  zaalika  katabNaa  ‘alaa  Baniii-  ‘Israaa-‘iila  ‘annahuu  man-qatala  nafsam-  bi-gayri  nafsin  ‘aw  fasaadin-  fil-‘arzi  faka- ‘annamaa  qatalan-naasa  jamii-‘aa.  Wa  man  ‘ahyaahaa  faka- ‘annamaaa  ‘ahyannaasa  jamii-‘aa.  Wa  laqad  jaaa-‘at-hum  rusuluNaa  bil-Bayyinaati  summa  ‘inna  kasiiram-minhum-  ba’-da  zaalika  fil-‘arzi  lamus-rifuun.                        


Lesson

‘Ajli – (the cause, the aim, the soul or essence), a mankind is collection of two things; the body and the soul. Actually, living thing is “the soul”. The body is living due to the soul. So, the mankind is soul in truth. Fasaad (infringement, violation, breach of law), trying to break a formed thing is called fasaad. ‘Al-Bayyinaat (conspicuous things), it is plural of bayyinatun, which means “clear proof”. Here it aims “the matters relating to the Divine command, or the tokens about the truth of the Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him). lamus-rifuun(the prodigals), it is from ‘asraaf, which means “to cross the limit, to molest, to violate”.

After describing the tale of Abel and Cain, now it is being mentioned that Cain (was the first mankind, who killed another mankind due to discomfiture of jealousy, rage and desire) opened the door of slaying for the entire human beings by killing Abel. Before him nobody killed anyone. After this bad act, the people began to slay one another unhesitatingly. Thus far that, the need to stop this practice was arisen and every Prophet (peace be upon Him) guided the people and forbade them from killing others.

Due to this reason, the Children of Israel has been commanded, “It is equal to kill all the people by slaughtering anyone innocent without grounds and decision of the court, because in resemblance of one, others will be prepared to slay one another”. “And whoso saved the life of someone and did not kill although he had anger and outrage, then it shall be as if he had arranged to save the life of all the mankind”. A person does often that, what he looks being done by others. So, if anyone will do good works, in his imitation, others will also do good works, and if one will do evil, others will do evils too by seeing him.

In such a manner, other sins and evils would have been spread. When any person committed any evil, then following him, others began to commit the same. The tales of ancient nations have been mentioned in the Holy Qur’aan, “If any evil had been spread in one nation, then any other evil had been spread in any other nation”. The evil, which Prophets, Messengers (peace be upon Them) and their wise believers observed in their own nations, they tried to hinder the people from it.

Distinction of a big sin is that any person or entire group is harmed severely due to it. First form of the loss is tyranny and violation of one’s right. Second form is infringement. It puts the people in difficulties and their acts are hindered. These both badness are held in the murder because everybody has a right of living. To snatch this right from someone due to any reason is tyranny. Secondly, the people begin to run away, fearing each other and it endangers the mutual cooperation and friendly intercourse. It is called infringement and disturbance.

By killing, Cain spread both evils in the society and till the time of the Children of Israel, these evils had established completely. Therefore, it has been described in this verse, “We ordained this rule for the Children of Israel to stop these badness, that none should kill anyone. Remember! Murder of a person is equal to killing the entire human beings, because it deteriorates the peace. And saving one’s life is equal to saving lives of all people, because everyone gets confidence of peace from it.

Then Allaah Almighty has described, “Our messengers (peace be upon Them) have come unto you of old for your guidance, who caused to hear you Our commands clearly and they have clear proofs of their purity. If even now the people are involved in committing evils and they will not cease from using force, then they are extremely criminals. So, it has been mentioned in this verse that even on this, many people (it signifies towards the Jews) do not abstain from infringement. The Jews remained involved in killing and troubling the people always, even that they slew the Messengers (peace be upon Them). They did never mind to slay or trouble anyone. Even at this time, they do not refrain from oppressing, troubling the Last Messenger, Muhammad (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and tyrannizing the Muslims and using force against them. Really they have crossed all limits in wickedness and diabolical acts. So, they have become prodigals in the earth.  

Transliterated Holy Qur’an in Roman Script & Translated from Arabic to English by Marmaduke Pickthall, Published by Paak Company, 17-Urdu Bazar, Lahore, Lesson collected from Dars e Qur’an published By Idara Islaah wa Tableegh, Lahore (translated Urdu to English by Muhammad Sharif)