Lesson # 637 From Holy Qur’aan
‘Al-Maaa-‘idah (the Table Spread) – Chapter – 5)–Stage - 2
Verses-* – 59 & 60 of 120, Section – 9 of 16 (Part - 6)
In the name of Allaah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
59. Say: O People of the Scripture! Do ye blame us for aught else than that we believe in Allaah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed aforetime, and verily most of you are evil-livers?
60. Shall I tell thee of a worse (case) than theirs for retribution with Allaah? (Worse is the case of him) whom Allaah hath cursed, him on whom His wrath hath fallen and of whose sort Allaah hath turned some to apes and swine, and who serveth the Devil. Such are in worse plight and further astray from the straight path.
59. Qul yaaa-‘Ahlal-Kitaabi hal tanqi-muuna minnaaa ‘illaaa ‘an ‘aamannaa BIllaahi wa maaa ‘unzila ‘ilaynaa wa maaa ‘unzila min qablu, wa ‘anna ‘ak-sarakum faasi-quun.
60. Qul hal ‘unabbi-‘ukum bi-sharrim-min- zaalika masuubatan ‘indAllaah. Malla-‘anaHUllaahu wa gaziba ‘alayhi wa ja-‘ala min-humul-qiradata wal-khanaaziira wa ‘abadat-Taaguut. ‘Ulaaa-‘ika sharrum-makaananw-wa ‘azallu ‘an sawaaa-‘is-sabiil.
Tanqi-muuna – (You blame us), it is from naqmat, which means “to find fault, to take someone in a bad sense”. It aims “You rage upon us”. It is apparent that blaming, abusing or troubling anyone by finding fault in his skill, is usually due to opposite thought. So the word tanqi-muuna has been translated as blame. Masuubatan is a second form of Sawaab (Reward), which means “Retaliation of any good or bad deed”. Here it signifies towards “retaliation of bad deed and its punishment”. Khanaaziira – is plural of Khinziir, which means a swine.
The Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) of Allaah Almighty and through Him, other Muslims are being addressed in this verse that they should ask the People of the Scripture, “Why are you angry upon us? We have never said any such a word, due to which, you became our enemy. Any new thing, which can be seen into us, is only that we have chosen Allaah Almighty as our only Worshipped. We believe in Him heartily and understand the Holy Qur’aan as His true Scripture, as well as believe in those all Scripture, revealed before it, are true. The Holy Qur’aan has also declared that those Holy Books were true and it has placed their original commands either as those were or with a suitable change. Our duty is to obey and act upon those commands. On the contrary, which new things has been observed into you is, that many people out of you have become disobedient and gripped up their loins to disbelieve in the commands of their own Scripture. If they had believed in their commands, then it would have become compulsory for them to believe in the Holy Qur’aan, because they have been ordered in those commands that they should have to believe in the Last Messenger (grace, glory, blessings and peace be upon Him) and His Scripture, the Holy Qur’aan and obey their commands. These two different things are visible clearly between you and us i.e. we obey the commands of God Almighty, but you disobey. Is it good that you take our obedience in a bad sense and yours disobedience in a good sense and oppose us? If you don’t have enmity with us due to the reason that we are obedient of Allaah Almighty, then tell us! Which is other reason of bad relations between you and us?
If you will afflict us, all the equitable will say only that the Jews and the Christians dislike the Muslims because they serve and obey God Almighty. Maximum people of you are disobedient and refractory. Your decision that the Believers are bad and able to punished, is as slaying the justice, which is entirely opposite to the fact”.
Then Allaah Almighty commands to say them, “We tell you about those, who are worse and deserve worse retribution. They are those people, whom Allaah Almighty has cursed, on whom His wrath has fallen and some of whom were turned to apes and swine in old time”. The person, who is found with these evils, has been fallen from the grade of humanity and has gone back from the Straight Path. That person is abominable and should be punished.
The Jews themselves and the persons, who were aware of their history, they all were acquainted that these all matters are applicable upon them (the Jews). They were cursed by Allaah Almighty and His wrath was fallen on them too. Out of them were turned to apes and swine, and they were also from the Jews, who became worshippers of calf by following Satan. We have discussed all these matters in Surah Al-Baqarah.